Spatial Plan


The Spatial Plan is a ten-year GIS-based depiction of a county’s socio-economic development vision and program, including the distribution of people and activities, within the context of efficient, productive and sustainable use of land and other county spaces. It is reviewed and updated every five years in order to inform the new CIDP.


Upstream: National Vision 2030, National Spatial Plan, County Long-Term Strategic Plan

Downstream: Sector Plan (using a Spatial-Sector Approach), Urban Plan(s), CIDP


Under the guidance and coordination of the Lead Sector/Department responsible for Spatial Planning in the county, a three-phase process is undertaken through Sector Working Groups, in consultation with the CBEF and with appropriate public participation and County Assembly inputs. The first phase examines the county’s spatial context and the national spatial plan, as well as the role of key development actors and sectors. This is followed by a strategic phase of visioning across multiple spatial concepts and the development of proposals and strategies to optimize the county’s assets and potential by the sustainable use of land and other spaces and resources. The final phase sets out the implementation framework for capital investment and monitoring and evaluation targets. On completion and consolidation, the Spatial Plan is submitted by the County Executive to the County Assembly for requisite approval as required by law.

For a more detailed description this process, you can download the County Spatial Planning - Step by Step



Given the importance of GIS technology in spatial planning, County Governments with limited resources or capacity are tempted to outsource most of the mapping and spatial planning presentations to private companies. Any outsourcing should be accompanied by internal investments in technology and training to progressively build in-house GIS capabilities that are beneficial beyond planning (e.g. land use control, property valuation roll, etc.)



Laws and Regulations

County Government Act, 2012 – (Art 103 and 110)

Physical Planning Act, 2012 – (Part IV (A), Arts. 16, 23, 24, 27)

Guidelines and Tools

County Spatial Planning Guidelines, Ministry of Lands and Physical Planning and Council of Governors, 2018

Urban land use planning: Monitoring and oversight guidelines. National Land Commission

County spatial planning in pastoral areas. Toolkit 1: Pre-planning, visioning and objective setting. National Lands Commission. 2019

County spatial planning in pastoral areas. Toolkit 2: Reseach, mapping and situation analysis. National Lands Commission. 2019

County spatial planning in pastoral areas. Toolkit 3: Developing scenarios and formulating plan proposals. National Lands Commission. 2019

County spatial planning in pastoral areas. Annex to CSP monitoring and oversight guidelines. National Land Commission. 2019

County Public Participation Guidelines. Ministry of Devolution and Planning (MoDP), Council of Governors (CoG). 2016

County Performance Management Framework. Council of Governors, 2017

Strategic planning for county governments - Presentation and tools. July 2016

Other Resources

Exemplar format of a county spatial plan

Example of a County Spatial Plan (TBD)