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Basics of Devolution

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Decentralisation happens when some of the decisions government makes around service delivery are moved from the center and brought closer to the communities it intends to serve. Devolution is the strongest form of decentralisation as it creates local governments that are elected by the citizens and make autonomous decisions on service delivery.

The 2010 Constitution states that all sovereign power belongs to the people of Kenya and citizens may exercise this power either directly or through their democratically elected representatives at the national and county level (Art 1). Each level of government has a legislative and executive branch. The Judiciary represents the third branch of government serving both the National and County Governments.

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